1. uri-generic
    1. Description
    2. Library Procedures
      1. Constructors and predicates
      2. Attribute accessors
      3. String and List Representations
      4. Reference Resolution
      5. String encoding and decoding
      6. Normalization
      7. Character sets
    3. Requires
    4. Version History
    5. License

uri-generic

Description

The uri-generic library contains procedures for parsing and manipulation of Uniform Resource Identifiers (RFC 3986). It is intended to conform more closely to the RFC, and uses combinator parsing and character classes rather than regular expressions.

This library should be considered to be a basis for creating scheme-specific URI parser libraries. This library only parses the generic components from a URI. Any specific library can further parse subcomponents. For this reason, encoding and decoding of percent-encoded characters is not done automatically. This should be handled by specific URI scheme implementations.

Library Procedures

Constructors and predicates

As specified in section 2.3 of RFC 3986, URI constructors automatically decode percent-encoded octets in the range of unreserved characters. This means that the following holds true:

(equal? (uri-reference "http://example.com/foo-bar")
        (uri-reference "http://example.com/foo%2Dbar"))  => #t
[procedure] (uri-reference STRING) => URI

A URI reference is either a URI or a relative reference (RFC 3986, Section 4.1). If the given string's prefix does not match the syntax of a scheme followed by a colon separator, then the given string is parsed as a relative reference.

[procedure] (uri-reference? URI) => BOOL

Is the given object a URI reference? All objects created by URI-generic constructors are URI references; they are either URIs or relative references. The constructors below are just more strict checking versions of uri-reference. They all create URI references.

[procedure] (absolute-uri STRING) => URI

Parses the given string as an absolute URI, in which no fragments are allowed. If no URI scheme is found, or a fragment is detected, this raises an error.

Absolute URIs are defined by RFC 3986 as non-relative URI references without a fragment (RFC 3986, Section 4.2). Absolute URIs can be used as a base URI to resolve a relative-ref against, using uri-relative-to (see below).

[procedure] (absolute-uri? URI) => BOOL

Is the given object an absolute URI?

[procedure] (uri? URI) => BOOL

Is the given object a URI? URIs are all URI references that include a scheme part. The other type of URI references are relative references.

[procedure] (relative-ref? URI) => BOOL

Is the given object a relative reference? Relative references are defined by RFC 3986 as URI references which are not URIs; they contain no URI scheme and can be resolved against an absolute URI to obtain a complete URI using uri-relative-to.

Attribute accessors

[procedure] (uri-authority URI) => URI-AUTH
[procedure] (uri-scheme URI) => SYMBOL
[procedure] (uri-path URI) => LIST
[procedure] (uri-query URI) => STRING
[procedure] (uri-fragment) URI => STRING
[procedure] (uri-host URI) => STRING
[procedure] (uri-port URI) => INTEGER
[procedure] (uri-username URI) => STRING
[procedure] (uri-password URI) => STRING
[procedure] (authority? URI-AUTH) => BOOL
[procedure] (authority-host URI-AUTH) => STRING
[procedure] (authority-port URI-AUTH) => INTEGER
[procedure] (authority-username URI-AUTH) => STRING
[procedure] (authority-password URI-AUTH) => STRING

If a component is not defined in the given URI, then the corresponding accessor returns #f.

[procedure] (update-uri URI #!key authority scheme path query fragment host port username password) => URI
[procedure] (update-authority URI-AUTH #!key host port username password) => URI

Update the specified keys in the URI or URI-AUTH object in a functional way (ie, it creates a new copy with the modifications).

String and List Representations

[procedure] (uri->string URI [USERINFO]) => STRING

Reconstructs the given URI into a string; uses a supplied function LAMBDA USERNAME PASSWORD -> STRING to map the userinfo part of the URI. If not given, it represents the userinfo as the username followed by ":******".

[procedure] (uri->list URI USERINFO) => LIST

Returns a list of the form (SCHEME SPECIFIC FRAGMENT); SPECIFIC is of the form (AUTHORITY PATH QUERY).

Reference Resolution

[procedure] (uri-relative-to URI URI) => URI

Resolve the first URI as a reference relative to the second URI, returning a new URI (RFC 3986, Section 5.2.2).

[procedure] (uri-relative-from URI URI) => URI

Constructs a new, possibly relative, URI which represents the location of the first URI with respect to the second URI.

Examples:

(use uri-generic)

(uri->string (uri-relative-to (uri-reference "../qux") (uri-reference "http://example.com/foo/bar/")))
 => "http://example.com/foo/qux"

(uri->string (uri-relative-from (uri-reference "http://example.com/foo/qux") (uri-reference "http://example.com/foo/bar/")))
 => "../qux"

String encoding and decoding

[procedure] (uri-encode-string STRING [CHAR-SET]) => STRING

Returns the percent-encoded form of the given string. The optional char-set argument controls which characters should be encoded. It defaults to the complement of char-set:uri-unreserved. This is always safe, but often overly careful; it is allowed to leave certain characters unquoted depending on the context.

[procedure] (uri-decode-string STRING [CHAR-SET]) => STRING

Returns the decoded form of the given string. The optional char-set argument controls which characters should be decoded. It defaults to char-set:full.

Normalization

[procedure] (uri-normalize-case URI) => URI

URI case normalization (RFC 3986 section 6.2.2.1)

[procedure] (uri-normalize-path-segments URI) => URI

URI path segment normalization (RFC 3986 section 6.2.2.3)

Character sets

As a convenience for sub-parsers or other special-purpose URI handling code, there are a couple of character sets exported by uri-generic.

[constant] char-set:gen-delims

Generic delimiters.

 gen-delims  =  ":" / "/" / "?" / "#" / "[" / "]" / "@"
[constant] char-set:sub-delims

Sub-delimiters.

 sub-delims  =  "!" / "$" / "&" / "'" / "(" / ")" / "*" / "+" / "," / ";" / "="
[constant] char-set:uri-reserved

The union of gen-delims and sub-delims; all reserved URI characters.

 reserved    =  gen-delims / sub-delims
[constant] char-set:uri-unreserved

All unreserved characters that are allowed in a URI.

 unreserved  =  ALPHA / DIGIT / "-" / "." / "_" / "~"

Note that this is _not_ the complement of char-set:uri-reserved! There are several characters (even printable, noncontrol characters) which are not allowed at all in a URI.

Requires

Version History

License

Based on the Haskell URI library by Graham Klyne <gk@ninebynine.org>.

 Copyright 2008-2009 Ivan Raikov, Peter Bex.
 All rights reserved.
 
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 without specific prior written permission.
 
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