args provides command-line argument handling, implemented on top of SRFI 37's args-fold.
This extension provides a wrapper around SRFI 37 (args-fold). The main goal is to let the user parse command-line arguments without having to write a lot of similar support code every time.
By default, options and operands (non-options) are collected into two lists and returned by the parser, and unrecognized options complain and display help. Therefore, it is very possible not to write any option-procs, operand-procs, or unrecognized-procs as required by SRFI 37. However, the capability to customize is there should you need it.
Additionally, the help text for your options can be generated for you, so your options and usage information don't get out of sync.
Creating options[syntax] (args:make-option (OPTION-NAME ...) ARG-DATA DOCSTRING [BODY])
Make an args:option record, suitable for passing to args:parse.
OPTION-NAME ... is a sequence of short or long option names. They must be literal symbols; single-character symbols become short options, and longer symbols become long options. So (args:make-option (c cookie) ...) specifies a short option -c and long option --cookie. Under the hood, (c cookie) becomes '(#\c "cookie"), as expected by SRFI 37's OPTION.
ARG-DATA is either a pair (ARG-TYPE ARG-NAME) or a plain keyword ARG-TYPE. ARG-TYPE is a keyword that specifies whether the option takes an argument:
|#:required||Argument is required|
|#:optional||Argument is optional|
|#:none||No argument (actually, any other value than #:required or #:optional is interpreted as #:none)|
ARG-NAME, if provided, is a string specifying the name of the argument. This name is used in the help text produced by args:usage.
DOCSTRING is the help text.
BODY is an optional sequence of statements executed when this option is encountered. BODY is an option-processor as defined in SRFI 37, and has access to the variables OPT (the current #<option>), NAME (the option name) and ARG (argument value).
Behind the scenes, BODY is wrapped in code which adds the current option NAME and its argument ARG to the final options alist. So, simply leave BODY blank and options will be collected for you.
When the option takes no argument (is of type #:none) then ARG is #t, turning it into a boolean. On the other hand, when the option takes an optional argument that is omitted, then ARG is #f; so to set a default of foo, one may say in the body:
(set! arg (or arg "foo"))
Parsing the command line[procedure] (args:parse ARGS OPTIONS-LIST [OPTIONALS])
Parse ARGS, a list of command-line arguments given as strings, and return two values: an alist of option names (symbols) and their values, and a list of operands (non-option arguments).
Operands are returned in order, but options are returned in reverse order. Duplicate options are retained in the options alist, so this lets assq find the last occurrence of any duplicate option on the command line. A (name . value) pair is added for each alias of every option found, so any alias is a valid lookup key.
OPTIONS-LIST is a list of accepted options, each created by args:make-option.
OPTIONALS is an optional sequence of keywords and values:
|#:operand-proc PROC||calls PROC for each operand, with arguments OPERAND OPTIONS OPERANDS. PROC must return the next seeds, (values OPTIONS OPERANDS).|
|#:unrecognized-proc PROC||calls PROC for each unrecognized option, with arguments OPTION NAME ARG OPTIONS OPERANDS|
The default operand-proc is a no-op, and the default unrecognized-proc issues an error message and calls the help option's processor. See the args-fold documentation for usage information and an explanation of the procedure arguments; OPTIONS and OPERANDS are seed values.[parameter] (args:help-options [default: ("help" #\h #\?)])
List of option names (strings or single characters, as in SRFI 37) to be considered 'help' options, in order of preference. args:parse uses this to select a help option from the option list it is passed. This is currently used only for unrecognized options, for which the help option is automatically invoked.
Well-behaved programs display help or usage text when invoked with an option such as --help. args:usage will generate a formatted list of options in the GNU style, from a list of args:options. Around this you might place a descriptive header and footer.[procedure] (args:usage OPTION-LIST)
Generate a formatted list of options from OPTION-LIST, and return a string suitable for embedding into help text. The single string consists of multiple lines, with a newline at the end of each line. Thus, a typical use would be (print (args:usage opts)).[parameter] (args:width [default: 25])
Width of the left (option) column. We don't automatically format this column based on the length of the longest option, but you can set its width manually.[parameter] (args:separator [default: ", "])
The string separator inserted between multiple options on the same line.[parameter] (args:indent [default: 1])
Number of spaces to indent the options from the left.
Operands and unrecognized options (advanced)
These are suitable for use with #:operand-proc or #:unrecognized-proc in args:parse. Most users will probably not customize these procedures themselves, but a couple useful prefabricated ones are provided.[procedure] (args:ignore-unrecognized-options)
Silently ignore unrecognized options, and omit from the options alist.[procedure] (args:accept-unrecognized-options)
Silently add unrecognized options to the options alist.
(use args) (define opts (list (args:make-option (c cookie) #:none "give me cookie" (print "cookie was tasty")) (args:make-option (d) (optional: "LEVEL") "debug level [default: 1]" (set! arg (string->number (or arg "1")))) (args:make-option (e elephant) #:required "flatten the argument" (print "elephant: arg is " arg)) (args:make-option (f file) (required: "NAME") "parse file NAME") (args:make-option (v V version) #:none "Display version" (print "args-example $Revision: 1.3 $") (exit)) (args:make-option (abc) #:none "Recite the alphabet") (args:make-option (h help) #:none "Display this text" (usage)))) (define (usage) (with-output-to-port (current-error-port) (lambda () (print "Usage: " (car (argv)) " [options...] [files...]") (newline) (print (args:usage opts)) (print "Report bugs to zbigniewsz at gmail."))) (exit 1)) (receive (options operands) (args:parse (command-line-arguments) opts) (print "-e -> " (alist-ref 'elephant options))) ;; 'e or 'elephant both work
If command line is --cookie -e test -e hello:
cookie was tasty elephant: arg is test elephant: arg is hello -e -> hello
If command line is --cookie -e test --foo:
cookie was tasty elephant: arg is test ./args-example: unrecognized option: foo Usage: ./args-example [options...] [files...] -c, --cookie give me cookie -d [LEVEL] debug level [default: 1] -e, --elephant=ARG flatten the argument -f, --file=NAME parse file NAME -v, -V, --version Display version --abc Recite the alphabet -h, --help Display this text Report bugs to zbigniewsz at gmail.
Using indent 5, width 35 and a single space for the separator:
#;> (print (parameterize ((args:separator " ") (args:indent 5) (args:width 35)) (args:usage opts))) -c --cookie give me cookie -d [LEVEL] debug level [default: 1] -e --elephant=ARG flatten the argument -f --file=NAME parse file NAME -v -V --version Display version --abc Recite the alphabet -h --help Display this text
Additional examples can be found in args-examples.scm.
The name args:make-option is verbose.
About this egg
- Bugfix for 1.5.0 -- ensure option body sees transformed #t arg value
- #:optional args return a #t instead of #f value (suggested by Matt Gushee and Peter Bex)
- Allow use of make-option inside hygienic macros
- Use (program-name) to ensure correct $0 in scripts (zb; noticed by hypnocat)
- Accept numerical args, drop args:make-operand-proc (zb)
- Ported to Chicken 4 [Ivan Raikov]
- check for presence of required option arguments [Ivan Raikov]
- commify tail-recursive (Ivan Shmakov); add args:separator, args:indent (zb)
- Fix exports (Felix, Kon)
- Initial release
Copyright (c) 2005-2013 Jim Ursetto. All rights reserved. Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met: Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution. Neither the name of the author nor the names of its contributors may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software without specific prior written permission. THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.