box

  1. box
  2. Documentation
    1. Usage
    2. Box syntax
    3. make-box
    4. make-box-mutable
    5. make-box-immutable
    6. make-box-variable
    7. make-box-location
    8. box?
    9. box-mutable?
    10. box-immutable?
    11. box-variable?
    12. box-location?
    13. box-set!
    14. box-ref
    15. box-location
    16. box-swap!
    17. make-box-variable-closure
    18. make-box-location-closure
    19. SRFI-111
      1. Usage
      2. box
      3. immutable-box
    20. box?
      1. unbox
      2. set-box!
  3. Examples
  4. Usage
  5. Requirements
  6. Bugs and Limitations
  7. Author
  8. Repository
  9. Version history
  10. License

Documentation

Implements the box data type. A box is a cell containing a single, mutable or immutable, field. The boxed value maybe any Scheme type, including a variable or a location.

Two APIs are provided. A box API with CHICKEN concepts (box-core), and a SRFI 111 API, via box.

However, if only SRFI 111 is desired, import the srfi-111 egg.

Usage

(import box-core)

Box syntax

The lexical syntax of a box containing the scheme-object S* is #&S*.

Only mutable boxes can be recovered. An immutable, variable, or location box will lose identity when printed.

make-box

[procedure] (make-box [INITIAL [IMMUTABLE? #f]]) -> box

Returns a BOX with, optional, initial value INITIAL.

The BOX is mutable unless the IMMUTABLE? argument is #t.

An attempt to mutate an immutable box will signal an exception.

make-box-mutable

[procedure] (make-box-mutable [INITIAL]) -> box

Returns a BOX with, optional, initial value INITIAL.

make-box-immutable

[procedure] (make-box-immutable INITIAL) -> box

Returns a BOX with an initial value INITIAL.

An attempt to mutate an immutable box will signal an exception.

make-box-variable

[syntax] (make-box-variable VARIABLE [IMMUTABLE? #f]) -> box

Returns a boxed reference to the VARIABLE, which must be in lexical-scope.

The BOX is mutable unless the IMMUTABLE? argument is #t.

An attempt to mutate an immutable box will signal an exception.

make-box-location

[syntax] (make-box-location TYPE INITIAL-VALUE [IMMUTABLE? #f]) -> box

Returns a boxed reference to a location of TYPE and INITIAL-VALUE.

The BOX is mutable unless the IMMUTABLE? argument is #t.

An attempt to mutate an immutable box will signal an exception.

Unavailable in EVALuated source.

box?

[procedure] (box? OBJECT) --> boolean

Is OBJECT a BOX?

box-mutable?

[procedure] (box-mutable? OBJECT) --> boolean

Is OBJECT a mutable BOX?

box-immutable?

[procedure] (box-immutable? OBJECT) --> boolean

Is OBJECT an immutable BOX?

box-variable?

[procedure] (box-variable? OBJECT) --> boolean

Is OBJECT a boxed variable?

box-location?

[procedure] (box-location? OBJECT) --> boolean

Is OBJECT a boxed location?

box-set!

[procedure] (box-set! BOX OBJECT)

Changes the boxed value of BOX to OBJECT. Will signal an exception for an immutable {{BOX}.

box-ref

[procedure] (box-ref BOX) -> *

Returns the boxed value of BOX.

box-location

[procedure] (box-location BOX [WEAK? #f]) -> location

Returns a LOCATION object for a boxed variable, location or locatable box. Signals an exception otherwise.

The locative is "strong" unless the WEAK? argument is #t. The WEAK? argument is ignored for boxed variables and locations.

The location of a boxed value or boxed location is the box. The location of a boxed variable is the same as (location (box-ref BOX)); currently the location of a symbol may not be taken.

See Locations.

box-swap!

[procedure] (box-swap! BOX FUNC [OBJECT...])

Changes the boxed value of BOX to (FUNC <BOX-VALUE> OBJECT...). Will signal an exception for an immutable BOX. Returns the new value of BOX.

make-box-variable-closure

[procedure] (make-box-variable-closure IMMUTABLE? REF SET) -> box
IMMUTABLE?
boolean
REF
(-> *)
SET
(* -> void)

make-box-location-closure

[procedure] (make-box-location-closure IMMUTABLE? REF SET REFLOC) -> box
IMMUTABLE?
boolean
REF
(-> *)
SET
(* -> void)
REFLOC
(-> location)

SRFI-111

Usage

(import box)

box

[procedure] (box OBJECT) -> box

Returns a mutable BOX with initial value OBJECT.

immutable-box

[procedure] (immutable-box OBJECT) -> box

Returns a mutable BOX with value OBJECT.

box?

[procedure] (box? OBJECT) --> boolean

Is OBJECT a BOX?

unbox

[procedure] (unbox BOX) -> *

Returns the boxed value of BOX.

set-box!

[procedure] (set-box! BOX OBJECT)

Changes the boxed value of BOX to OBJECT. Will signal an exception for an immutable {{BOX}.

Examples

#;1> (import box)
#;2> (define b (box 0))
#;3> b
#&0
#;4> (define (inc-box! bx) (set! (box-ref bx) (add1 (unbox bx))))
#;5> (inc-box! b)
#;6> (unbox b)
1
#;7> (box-swap! b add1)
2
#;8> (box-swap! b * 3)
6
#;9> (box-ref b)
6

Usage

(import box)

Requirements

check-errors

Bugs and Limitations

Author

Kon Lovett

Repository

This egg is hosted on the CHICKEN Subversion repository:

https://anonymous@code.call-cc.org/svn/chicken-eggs/release/5/box

If you want to check out the source code repository of this egg and you are not familiar with Subversion, see this page.

Version history

3.4.0
Remove srfi-111 feature & test.
3.3.0
Remove srfi-111 module.
3.2.4
srfi-111 bindings are procedure.
3.2.3
Fix type predicates.
3.2.2
srfi-111 provides box?.
3.2.1
Provide box-core module, box w/o srfi-111 bindings.
3.2.0
Provide srfi-111 module. Add make-box-mutable & make-box-immutable.
3.1.0
Add immutable-box.
3.0.0
CHICKEN 5 release.

License

Copyright (C) 2009-2020 Kon Lovett. All rights reserved.

Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the Software), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:

The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.

THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED ASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.