defstruct

  1. defstruct
    1. Description
    2. Author
    3. Requirements
    4. Documentation
    5. Bugs and limitations
    6. License

Description

A more convenient form of define-record

Author

Dorai Sitaram, ported to CHICKEN by felix winkelmann, with improvements by Peter Bex

Requirements

None

Documentation

[syntax] (defstruct NAME SLOT ...)

Defines a record type with the name NAME. SLOT may be a symbol or a list of the form (NAME INIT) where INIT is the default value of the slot (the INIT expression will only be evaluated when no value is given in the constructor procedure). The defstruct macro expands into predicate and accessor functions (just like the native define-record):

(require-extension defstruct)

(defstruct point x y)

;; Creates code equivalent to the following:
(begin
  (define (point? x) ...)          ; is x a point?
  (define (point-x p) ...)         ; return x slot of point p
  (define (point-x-set! p n) ...)  ; change x slot of point p to n
  ...)

Additionally, a constructor procedure make-STRUCTNAME is defined, which accepts initialization values for all slots specified as keyword arguments:

(define p1 (make-point x: 99 y: 42))
 => ; a point with x = 99 and y = 42

On Chicken 4 and higher, there are also two procedures update-STRUCTNAME and set-STRUCTNAME! defined for functionally and destructively updating selected values in an existing record:

(define p2 (update-point p1 x: 100))
p2
 => ; a point with x = 100 and y = 42

(= p1-x 99)
 => #t

(set-point! p1 x: 100)
(= p1-x 100)
 => #t

Additionally, there are two conversion procedures for converting to and from alists, STRUCTNAME->alist and alist->STRUCTNAME:

(define p3 (alist->point '((x . 1) (y . 2))))
p3
 => ; a point with x = 1 and y = 2

(define p4 (make-point x: 123 y: 456))
(point->alist p4)
 => ((x . 123) (y . 456))

Bugs and limitations

License

 Copyright (c) 2005, Dorai Sitaram
 Copyright (c) 2005, Felix Winkelmann (Chicken port)
 Copyright (c) 2008-2010, Peter Bex (Hygienic Chicken port + extensions)
 All rights reserved.
 
 Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without modification, are permitted provided that the following
 conditions are met:
 
   Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following
     disclaimer. 
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     disclaimer in the documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution. 
   Neither the name of the author nor the names of its contributors may be used to endorse or promote
     products derived from this software without specific prior written permission. 
 
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